Details of some selected projects that APRIL is or has been involved in are as follows:
Taxation Institutions and Participation (TIP) Project
APRIL is undertaking the TIP project in collaboration with Chr. Michelsen Institute. The project, which will span over several years (2014 to 2016), aims to investigate the effects of tax havens on the domestic revenue system, institutions and citizen participation in African countries, with a particular focus on Angola, Tanzania and Zambia. It is expected that the project will generate new, contextualised evidence on the political economy of domestic revenue mobilization, institutional development and state legitimacy in countries exposed to large-scale capital flows. For more information see:
Domestic Resource Mobilisation (DRM) in Malawi and Zambia
(2013 to 2014)
A team from APRIL is working closely with the two governments’ ministries of finance, Malawi Revenue Authority, Zambia Revenue Authority, civil society and development partners in addressing issues to do with DRM. The main objective of the research is to provide policy recommendations to the two governments on priority reforms and ways to sequence and implement them. Areas covered include: (1) assessing the performance of the current tax revenue policy and administration regime (using a menu agreed indicators as well as qualitative data); (2) undertaking political economy analyses; and (3) reviewing and identifying other types of supportive policies critical for improving target outcomes. These two studies constitute the second phase of an African Development Bank funded DRM initiative. The first phase covered the five East African Community countries as well as South Africa (see: http://www.afdb.org/en/news-and-events/article/workshop-on-domestic-resource-mobilization-for-poverty-reduction-in-east-africa-7317/).
Support in the Preparation of a Tax and Development
Component for Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) (2014)
APRIL supported the preparation of a tax and development component for GRA. This component which is to be implemented from 2014 to 2017, aims to: (1) enhance revenue mobilisation by widening the deepening the tax net; and (2) increase accountability and transparency. The component is to be financed by various development partners. Therefore to ensure coordination, the consultant is also expected to advise on mechanisms which promote harmonisation.
Public Financial Management Advice to the Kenya Accountable Devolution Programme (KADP) (2013 to 2014)
A resource from APRIL is supporting this Government of Kenya and multi-donor financed initiative. Specific responsibilities have to do with strengthening financial management in county governments primarily through capacity building under the leadership of the National Treasury and in close collaboration with other key institutions. The expected impact of KADP is that citizens will have greater confidence in county governments and the services that they deliver.
Support to the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF)
A resource from APRIL was seconded to ATAF in 2013 to advise 37 revenue administrations. In particular our resource supported building up ATAF’s research capacity and technical expertise. Key responsibilities included the: (1) preparation, management and execution of select research projects; (2) provision of guidance and support during project implementation; and (3) establishment and maintenance of relations with ATAF member countries, and collaborating partners including bilateral and multilateral funding institutions as well as academia. A key output from our involvement was the development of a policy paper entitled ‘Building Blocks of a Modern African Tax Administration’.
State-level Public Expenditure Review on Own Revenue Mobilisation in Sudan (2012-2013)
A resource from APRIL participated in a World Bank led review of own revenue mobilisation experiences and potential in three of Sudan's states. The scope of work included: an in-depth investigation of the fiscal situation in the three states; and the generation of options for increasing revenues collected, and widening the tax base.
Establishment of Lesotho’s One Stop Business Facilitation Centre
A resource from APRIL advised government on the establishment of OBFC including organisational and staffing arrangements based on a solid analysis of workload, productivity, affordability, and other important factors. OBFC is expected to offer seamless services in areas such as company registration, the issuance of business licenses, tax registration and clearance services, import permits, export visas, rebates, residency permits and work permits.
Public Financial Management Advice to Mozambique’s Public Financial Management (PFM) for Results Programme (2012)
A resource from APRIL worked with a range of stakeholders from government to operationalise the programme. The programme aims to focus on PFM problems as entry points for reform and engagement as a means for improving services delivery in the health, education, and agriculture sectors. It adopts three instruments of change: (1) incentives for outcomes; (2) change management; and (3) PFM capacity development.
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